Protocol - Psychology Symptomatology of Children - Ages 6-18 (School age)
A questionnaire on a child’s behavior providing scores on numerous scales. These include overarching Internalizing Problems, Externalizing Problems, and Total Problems, and specific syndrome scales (e.g., depressive, anxiety, ADHD, ODD, conduct problems, aggressive behaviors, somatic complaints, social problems). Versions are available for report by the child’s parents, primary caregivers, or surrogates, by the child’s teachers, or by the child.
The CBCL/6-18 should be used when the respondent is the child’s caregiver/parent. The TRF/6-18 should be used when the respondent is the child’s teacher. The YSR/11-18 should be used when the respondent is reporting on his/her own behaviors. These measures may be considered when a broad assessment of a range of indicators of psychological well-being, including DSM-based scales, is desired. The measures are proprietary. Complete scoring options require purchase of scoring materials.
The Child Behavior Checklist for School-Age Children (Ages 6 – 18) is a form to rate concerns about a child’s emotional and behavioral functioning. Scores can be compared against multicultural, age, and gender norms. Forms are available for completion by the child’s parent/caregiver (CBCL/6-18), the child’s teacher (TRF/6-18), or by the child (YSR/11-18).
The Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6 - 18 is a proprietary protocol, and administration requires a license from ASEBA®.
Personnel and Training Required
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Self- or proxy-administered questionnaire
Parent or surrogate of Child aged 6-18 years.
Teacher of Child aged 6-18 years.
Youth self-report for Child aged 11-18 years.
This is a widely used measure for “general” mental health. This protocol has been incorporated into the National Institutes of Health study, Environmental Influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO).
|caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE)||Pediatric Age 6-18 Child Behavior Checklist Assessment Scale||7054916||CDE Browser|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Behavioral abnormality||HP:0000708||HPO|
Process and Review
Protocol Name from Source
Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6-18
Bilenberg N., The Child Behaviors Checklist (CBCL) and related material: standardization and validation in Danish population based and clinically based samples. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica,2007;100 (S398): 2-52.
Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6-18 is a proprietary instrument, and administration requires a licensing agreement from ASEBA®:
Achenbach, T. M. (2009). The Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment (ASEBA): Development, Findings, Theory, and Applications. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
Achenbach, T. M. (2014). Using multicultural research to expand the scope of developmental psychopathology. In J. Burack & Schmidt (Eds.), Cultural and contextual perspectives on development at-risk (pp. 7-38). New York: Cambridge University Press, 2014.
Achenbach, T.M., Becker, A., Döpfner, M., Heiervang, E., Roessner, V., Steinhausen, H., & Rothenberger, A. (2008). Multicultural assessment of child and adolescent psychopathology with ASEBA and SDQ instruments: research findings, applications, and future directions. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 49, 251-275.
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2001). Manual for the ASEBA School-Age Forms & Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
Achenbach, T. M., & Rescorla, L. A. (2007). Multicultural Supplement to the Manual for the ASEBA School-Age Forms & Profiles. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Research Center for Children, Youth, & Families.
Weeland J., van Aar J. and Overbeek G., Dutch Norms for the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory: Comparisons with other Western Countries, Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 2017; 40 (2): 224-234.
Minh Dang H., Nguyen H. and Weiss B., Incremental validity of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) in Vietnam, Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 2017; 29, (96).
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
Psychological Symptomology of Children
December 11, 2019
A questionnaire to assess children for emotional and behavioral problems, including DSM-oriented problems (e.g., depressive, anxiety, ADHD, ODD) and other problems (e.g., somatic complaints, withdrawn behaviors, aggressive behavior).
The Child Behavior Checklist assess observable child behaviors that may be indicative of psychological problems and compares responses against multicultural, age, and gender norms. A Language Development Survey for ages 18-35 months is also included.
ASEBA®, University of Vermont, Pediatric Development, Child Behavior Checklist