Protocol - Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)
The Harm Avoidance subscale of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) includes 35 true/false questions on anticipatory worry, fear of uncertainty, shyness, and fatigability.
The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a proprietary instrument and administration requires a licensing agreement from the Anthropedia Foundation.
The Eating Disorders Working Group notes that while the TCI is validated in adults, it may be used on adolescents ages 13 and older.
Description of the Harm Avoidance Subscale of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI)
The Harm Avoidance subscale of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) includes 35 true/false questions on anticipatory worry, fear of uncertainty, shyness, and fatigability. Responses to individual questions are added together, and higher scores indicate greater impairment.
Personnel and Training Required
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Adults, ages 18 and older. The Eating Disorders Working Group notes that the TCI may be used with adolescents ages 13 and older.
The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a valid, reliable, and widely used questionnaire that distinguishes between emotion-based, developmentally stable temperament traits and changeable character traits.
English, Korean, Turkish, Available in other languages
|caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE)||Eating Disorder Harm Avoidance Scale Assessment Scale||4926450||CDE Browser|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Suicidal Ideation||HP:0031592||HPO|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Self-injurious behavior||HP:0100716||HPO|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Obsessive-compulsive behavior||HP:0000722||HPO|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Anxiety||HP:0000739||HPO|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Abnormal fear/anxiety-related behavior||HP:0100852||HPO|
Process and Review
Protocol Name from Source
The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) is a proprietary instrument and administration requires a licensing agreement from the Anthropedia Foundation :
1033 Corporate Square Drive
St. Louis, MO 63132, USA
Celikel, F. C., Kose, S., Cumurcu, B. E., Erkorkmaz, U., Sayar, K., Borckardt, J. J., & Cloninger, C.R. (2009). Cloninger’s temperament and character dimensions of personality in patients with major depressive disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 50(6), 556-561.
Grucza, R. A., Przybeck, T. R., & Cloninger C. R. (2007). Prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in a community sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 48(2), 124-131.
Yang, S., Sung, J., Kim, J. H., Song, Y. M., Lee, K., Kim, H. N., Kim, H. L., & Cloninger, C. R. (2015). Some personality traits converge gradually by long-term partnership through the lifecourse-Genetic and environmental structure of Cloninger’s temperament and character dimensions. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 63, 43-49.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX650801010000||Protocol 650801 - proprietary. Check DCW for more||N/A|
August 7, 2015
A questionnaire to assess harm avoidance, a personality trait or temperament characterized by worry, shyness, pessimism, doubt, and a tendency to respond intensely to aversive stimuli.
Harm avoidance is a risk factor associated with various mental conditions. For example, a low degree of harm avoidance is associated with suicidal behavior and ideation while high harm avoidance (i.e., excessive worry) may progress into psychiatric disorders (e.g., anxiety, mood, and eating disorders) and functional impairment.
Eating disorders, Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI), harm avoidance, personality, temperament, proprietary