Protocol - Temperament - Early Childhood

Add to My Toolkit

The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) is a parent-report questionnaire used to measure the temperament of a young child (18-36 months old). The 36-item instrument (very short form) includes three broad scales. Respondents are asked to read each description of behavior and indicate how many times in the past week the child exhibited this behavior. Respondents should circle the frequency on a 7-point Likert scale (never, very rarely, less than half the time, half the time, more than half the time, almost always, always).

Specific Instructions



The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) may be obtained by completing the request form on Mary Rothbart’s website (http://www.bowdoin.edu/~sputnam/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/) and sending the form to the contact person indicated. Information about scoring the instrument is also available by request.



Personnel and Training Required


Equipment Needs


Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Proxy-administered questionnaire




Parent of a child aged 18-36 months

Selection Rationale

Dr. Mary Rothbart is a pioneer in the measure of temperament and her Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) has been used successfully since 1998/1999 and translated into 11 languages. The instrument was revised in 2000 and revised again in 2009 to create a short and very short version. The original instrument had 201 items and 18 scales.


Chinese, English

caDSR Common Data Elements (CDE) Early Childhood Temperament Assessment Scale 3162870 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Temperament - early child proto 62936-0 LOINC
Human Phenotype Ontology Mood swings HP:0000720 HPO
Human Phenotype Ontology Mood changes HP:0001575 HPO
Derived Variables


Process and Review

Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.

Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:

· No changes

Protocol Name from Source

Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ)


Putnam, S. P., Gartstein, M. A., & Rothbart, M. K. (2006). Measurement of fine-grained aspects of toddler temperament: The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. Infant Behavior and Development, 29(3), 386-401.

General References

Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (1998). Temperament. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional and personality development (5th ed., pp. 105-176). New York: Wiley.

Protocol ID


Export Variables
Variable Name Variable IDVariable DescriptiondbGaP Mapping
PX181102000000 Protocol 181102 - proprietary. Check DCW for more
contact. show less
Measure Name


Release Date

December 13, 2010


This is a measure used to assess individual differences in emotional and motor reactivity and the attentional capacities that support self-regulation in children.


Temperament includes several dimensions of emotion and reactivity that are part of a person’s personality. Maturation and life experiences change these dimensions as a person ages. These dimensions can be measured via questionnaires, and the results may be correlated with changes in personality and behaviors later in life.


temperament - early childhood, Psychosocial, affect, behavior, mood, impulsivity, personality

Measure Protocols
Protocol ID Protocol Name
181101 Temperament - Child
181102 Temperament - Early Childhood
181103 Temperament - Infant
181104 Temperament - Adolescent
181105 Temperament - Adult

There are no publications listed for this protocol.