Protocol - Temperament - Early Childhood
The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) is a parent-report questionnaire used to measure the temperament of a young child (18-36 months old). The 36-item instrument (very short form) includes three broad scales. Respondents are asked to read each description of behavior and indicate how many times in the past week the child exhibited this behavior. Respondents should circle the frequency on a 7-point Likert scale (never, very rarely, less than half the time, half the time, more than half the time, almost always, always).
The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) may be obtained by completing the request form on Mary Rothbart’s website (http://www.bowdoin.edu/~sputnam/rothbart-temperament-questionnaires/) and sending the form to the contact person indicated. Information about scoring the instrument is also available by request.
Personnel and Training Required
|Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection||No|
|Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual||No|
Mode of Administration
Parent of a child aged 18-36 months
Dr. Mary Rothbart is a pioneer in the measure of temperament and her Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) has been used successfully since 1998/1999 and translated into 11 languages. The instrument was revised in 2000 and revised again in 2009 to create a short and very short version. The original instrument had 201 items and 18 scales.
|Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC)||Temperament - early child proto||62936-0||LOINC|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Mood swings||HP:0000720||HPO|
|Human Phenotype Ontology||Mood changes||HP:0001575||HPO|
Process and Review
Expert Review Panel 4 (ERP 4) reviewed the measures in the Neurology, Psychiatric, and Psychosocial domains.
Guidance from ERP 4 included the following:
· No changes
Protocol Name from Source
Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ)
Putnam, S. P., Gartstein, M. A., & Rothbart, M. K. (2006). Measurement of fine-grained aspects of toddler temperament: The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire. Infant Behavior and Development, 29(3), 386-401.
Rothbart, M. K., & Bates, J. E. (1998). Temperament. In W. Damon (Series Ed.) & N. Eisenberg (Vol. Ed.), Handbook of child psychology: Vol. 3. Social, emotional and personality development (5th ed., pp. 105-176). New York: Wiley.
|Variable Name||Variable ID||Variable Description||dbGaP Mapping|
|PX181102000000||Protocol 181102 - proprietary. Check DCW for more||N/A|
December 13, 2010
This is a measure used to assess individual differences in emotional and motor reactivity and the attentional capacities that support self-regulation in children.
Temperament includes several dimensions of emotion and reactivity that are part of a person’s personality. Maturation and life experiences change these dimensions as a person ages. These dimensions can be measured via questionnaires, and the results may be correlated with changes in personality and behaviors later in life.
temperament - early childhood, Psychosocial, affect, behavior, mood, impulsivity, personality
|Protocol ID||Protocol Name|
|181101||Temperament - Child|
|181102||Temperament - Early Childhood|
|181103||Temperament - Infant|
|181104||Temperament - Adolescent|
|181105||Temperament - Adult|
There are no publications listed for this protocol.