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Protocol - Physical Activity - Neighborhood Environment

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Description:

This protocol contains self-administered questions about the characteristics of the participant’s neighborhood that may influence his or her ability to exercise (e.g., walk, run, ride a bicycle). The questions are about the characteristics of the homes, streets, and sidewalks in the neighborhood; whether businesses are within a walkable distance of the person’s home; and neighborhood safety (traffic and crime).

Protocol:

Think about the different facilities in and around your neighborhood; by this we mean the area ALL around your home that you could walk to in 10-15 minutes.

1. What is the main type of housing in your neighborhood?

[ ] 1. Detached single-family housing

[ ] 2. Townhouses, row houses, apartments, or condos of two-three stories

[ ] 3. Mix of single-family residences and townhouses, row houses, apartments, or condos

[ ] 4. Apartments or condos of 4-12 stories

[ ] 5. Apartments or condos of more than 12 stories

[ ] 6. Don’t know/not sure

The next items are statements about your neighborhood related to walking and bicycling.

2. Many shops, stores, markets, or other places to buy things I need are within easy walking distance of my home. Would you say that you . . .

[ ] 1. Strongly disagree

[ ] 2. Somewhat disagree

[ ] 3. Somewhat agree

[ ] 4. Strongly agree

[ ] 5. Don’t know/not sure

3. It is within a 10-15 minute walk to a transit stop (such as bus, train, trolley, or tram) from my home. Would you say that you . . .

[ ] 1. Strongly disagree

[ ] 2. Somewhat disagree

[ ] 3. Somewhat agree

[ ] 4. Strongly agree

[ ] 5. Don’t know/not sure

4. There are sidewalks on most of the streets in my neighborhood. Would you say that you . . .

[ ] 1. Strongly disagree

[ ] 2. Somewhat disagree

[ ] 3. Somewhat agree

[ ] 4. Strongly agree

[ ] 5. Does not apply to my neighborhood

[ ] 6. Don’t know/not sure

5. There are facilities to bicycle in or near my neighborhood, such as special lanes, separate paths or trails, shared use paths for cycles and pedestrians. Would you say that you . . .

[ ] 1. Strongly disagree

[ ] 2. Somewhat disagree

[ ] 3. Somewhat agree

[ ] 4. Strongly agree

[ ] 5. Does not apply to my neighborhood

[ ] 6. Don’t know/not sure

6. My neighborhood has several free or low-cost recreation facilities, such as parks, walking trails, bike paths, recreation centers, playgrounds, public swimming pools, etc. Would you say that you . . .

[ ] 1. Strongly disagree

[ ] 2. Somewhat disagree

[ ] 3. Somewhat agree

[ ] 4. Strongly agree

[ ] 5. Don’t know/not sure

7. The crime rate in my neighborhood makes it unsafe to go on walks at night. Would you say that you . . .

[ ] 1. Strongly disagree

[ ] 2. Somewhat disagree

[ ] 3. Somewhat agree

[ ] 4. Strongly agree

[ ] 5. Don’t know/not sure

Scoring

  1. For Question 1, score response 1 or 6 with a "0" and responses 2 through 5 with "1."
  2. For Questions 2, 3, and 6, score responses 1 or 2 or 5 with a "0," and score responses 3 or 4 with "1." The "strongly" and "somewhat" responses are being combined.
  3. For Questions 4 and 5, score responses 1, 2, 5, or 6 with a "0," and score responses 3 or 4 with "1."
  4. Disregard Question 7, it will not be scored.
  5. If the response to any item is "Don’t know/not sure", the item should be given a value of "0." "Does not apply to my neighborhood" is also given a value of "0."
  6. If the participant refuses to answer or skips any question, indicate the response is missing.
  7. Sum scores of Questions 1 through 6. Sum values even if one or more responses are missing or "0."

A higher overall score is more indicative of an activity-friendly neighborhood.

Protocol Name from Source:

Sallis, J. F., Bowles, H. R., Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B. E., Bull, F. C., Craig, C. L., . . . Bergman, P. (2009). Neighborhood environments and physical activity among adults in 11 countries. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36, 484-490.

Availability:

Publicly available

Personnel and Training Required

None

Equipment Needs

None

Requirements
Requirement CategoryRequired
Major equipment No
Specialized training No
Specialized requirements for biospecimen collection No
Average time of greater than 15 minutes in an unaffected individual No
Mode of Administration

Self-administered questionnaire

Life Stage:

Adult, Senior

Participants:

Ages 18 or older

Specific Instructions:

None

Selection Rationale

Self-administered questionnaires that capture characteristics of the perceived and built environment have proven to be valid when tested against objective measures. These questions have been used in several international physical activity surveys.

Language

English

Standards
StandardNameIDSource
Common Data Elements (CDE) Person Physical Activity Neighborhood Environment Characteristic Assessment Description Text 3107329 CDE Browser
Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) Phys act neighbor environ proto 62842-0 LOINC
Derived Variables

None

Process and Review

The Expert Review Panel #1 reviewed the measures in the Anthropometrics, Diabetes, Physical Activity and Physical Fitness, and Nutrition and Dietary Supplements domains.

Guidance from the ERP includes:

  • No significant changes

Back-compatible: no changes to Data Dictionary

Previous version in Toolkit archive (link)

Source

Sallis, J. F., Bowles, H. R., Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B. E., Bull, F. C., Craig, C. L., . . . Bergman, P. (2009). Neighborhood environments and physical activity among adults in 11 countries. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36, 484-490.

General References

Personal communication with Barbara Ainsworth, January 5, 2010.

Saelens, B. E., Sallis, J. F., Black, J. B., & Chen, D. (2003). Neighborhood-based differences in physical activity: An environment scale evaluation. American Journal of Public Health, 93, 1552-1558.

Sallis, J. F., DeBourdeaudhuij, I., & Owen, N. (2004). International Physical Activity and the Environment Network (IPEN). Retrieved from http://www.ipenproject.org/

Protocol ID:

151201

Variables:
Export Variables
Variable NameVariable IDVariable DescriptionVersiondbGaP Mapping
PX151201_Bike_Pedestrian_Paths PX151201050000 There are facilities to bicycle in or near my neighborhood, such as special lanes, separate paths or trails, shared use paths for cycles and pedestrians. Would you say that you... 4 N/A
PX151201_Crime_Rate PX151201070000 The crime rate in my neighborhood makes it unsafe to go on walks at night. Would you say that you... 4 N/A
PX151201_Neighborhood_Main_Housing_Type PX151201010000 What is the main type of housing in your neighborhood? 4 N/A
PX151201_Recreation_Facilities PX151201060000 My neighborhood has several free or low-cost recreation facilities, such as parks, walking trails, bike paths, recreation centers, playgrounds, public swimming pools, etc. Would you say that you... 4 N/A
PX151201_Shops_Walking_Distance PX151201020000 Many shops, stores, markets, or other places to buy things I need are within easy walking distance of my home. Would you say that you... 4 N/A
PX151201_Sidewalks PX151201040000 There are sidewalks on most of the streets in my neighborhood. Would you say that you... 4 N/A
PX151201_Transit_Stop PX151201030000 It is within a 10-15 minute walk to a transit stop (such as bus, train, trolley, or tram) from my home. Would you say that you... 4 N/A
Research Domain Information
Measure Name:

Physical Activity - Neighborhood Environment

Release Date:

October 1, 2015

Definition

This is a measure of neighborhood characteristics that influence physical activity.

Purpose

The social and physical environments influence physical activity behavior. The characteristics of a physical or "built environment" include land use and the design (e.g., local facilities, shopping, sidewalks, bike paths) of a neighborhood or community. If a person cannot walk or ride a bike in the neighborhood, he or she is less likely to engage in these types of physical activity.

Keywords

Physical Activity and Physical Fitness, social environment, exercise, physical environment, built environment, neighborhood